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Psychotherapy / Counselling

Psychotherapy is a type of conversation which addresses personal difficulties. It allows an individual, or a couple, to talk openly and confidentially about their concerns and feelings with a trained professional.  Psychotherapy involves developing a therapeutic relationship, communicating and creating a dialogue, and working to overcome problematic thoughts or behaviours. It can help find ways to ease pain and suffering, and increase satisfaction, meaning, and connection in your life.

psychotherapy counselling

Common concerns addressed in Psychotherapy are:

-repairing relationship connections
-recovering from affairs
-coping with stress (personal or professional)
-uncovering ways to manage strong emotional ups and downs
-dealing with difficult family dynamics
-navigating postpartum or parenting challenges
-addressing procrastination, low motivation, or lack of meaning
-discovering your dreams and ways to achieve them

What is the difference between a Psychiatrist, Psychologist, and Psychotherapist? 

Psychiatrist: In Canada, a psychiatrist is the only mental health professional that can prescribe medications, and provide diagnoses for mental health disorders (e.g. anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, etc.).

Psychologists: work with a wide range of clients, and may perform assessments, treatments and research in their specialized area (e.g. learning disorders).

Registered Psychotherapists and Registered Social Workers: typically provide ‘talk therapy’ as their treatment, and may use a variety of exercises, based on their training and expertise.  Talk therapy is shown to be effective in numerous research studies, and can uncover patterns, belief systems, and support healing in a wide range of mental health concerns. For severe mental illnesses, a combination of medication and psychotherapy is recommended.

“The practice of psychotherapy is distinct from both counselling, where the focus is on the provision of information, advice-giving, encouragement and instruction, and spiritual counselling, which is counselling related to religion or faith-based beliefs.” HPRAC: New Directions, 2006; Chapter 7, Regulation of Psychotherapy, p. 208. ~ College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario

The CRPO regulates the use of “Psychotherapy” or “Psychotherapist” to those members of the college. “Counsellors” or “Counselling” however, are not protected titles, even though psychotherapy and counselling can be highly interrelated.

How confidential are my sessions?

Confidentiality is an important part of a therapeutic relationship and is typically reviewed during the first session. Therapists do everything in their power to protect your confidentiality from any inappropriate disclosure.

Your written and signed consent will be required prior to releasing any information.  Situations that do not require signed authorization, can be 1) if there is a clear and immediate danger to yourself, the client, or any others, 2) if there is a legal requirement to release information, or 3) if a child needs to be protected. In cases that you disclose an intention to cause imminent harm to someone else, you must understand that as practitioners in Ontario, have a duty or obligation to uphold.

If using insurance or another party to pay for these therapy sessions, some information may be released, such as the date of the sessions, and attendance. No personal information is disclosed. When sessions are court-ordered, confidentiality is limited, the court can request information that your therapist would be required to disclose.

Psychotherapy fees covered by OHIP? Or by insurance?

In Ontario, OHIP does not cover psychotherapy services. Many private extended health care policies do cover psychotherapy. For specific coverage, check your individual policy to confirm details of coverage.

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